Cholesterol is a type of fat that is present in lesser parts of the animal body. Cholesterol in the human body performs many physiological functions and forms the structure of many organs.
Cholesterol in the blood can be diagnosed in the laboratory and a healthy dose of cholesterol in the blood has been determined by medical scientists, which can be regarded as the normal level of cholesterol. Various studies have shown that a number of illnesses are associated with an increase in cholesterol levels in the blood. For example, myocardial infarction, (heart attack) brain stroke and peripheral vascular disease. As blood cholesterol levels increase, the risk of developing these diseases increases proportionately.
Cholesterol produced in the liver is supplied to the blood through various organs of the body. It has been observed that when cholesterol levels rise in the blood, cholesterol accumulates in the blood vessels throughout the body. These are called atherosclerosis and the process of deposition is called atherosclerosis. Atheroma is simply called plaque. As a result, blood vessels are blocked. Thus, high blood cholesterol is responsible for the heart block.
Cholesterol is produced by the liver or liver in the human body. Cholesterol is used as a raw material for the preparation of diarrhea for digestion, so the liver produces cholesterol for the production of citrus. Cholesterol produced by the liver supplies the cholesterol to the various organs through the blood to meet the needs of various organs. In animal foods, people receive cholesterol, which enters the blood after digestion and is supplied to various organs. Thus, cholesterol enters the body in two ways. Through food and by production in the liver or in the liver.
Food is a major source of cholesterol. Animal food, especially milk, butter, ghee, beans, low-fat, egg yolk, shrimp, dalda, etc., enters the blood after digestion.
Phytosterols are present in many vegetable foods. Phytosterol is absorbed in competition with cholesterol in the process of absorption, so the consumption of phytosterol-rich foods can control cholesterol levels in the blood by preventing cholesterol absorption.
Cholesterol, which is present in the blood, is divided into several groups. Also named lipids. Such as Total Cholesterol (TC) whose rate of heart attack is high with increasing levels. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is considered to be the most harmful cholesterol. High-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is called buddy cholesterol and if its levels are high, is known as friend cholesterol because it reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke. Triglyceride (TG), which is the most abundant fat in the diet. The blood levels are slightly increased but there is no problem. However, the risk of heart disease and stroke increases as the dose increases. The normal dose of TC is below 20mg / dl. Egg / dl to 200mg / dl
If the dose is higher than 250 g / dl, it is considered very high. LDK dose is 5mg / dl
Or below it is recommended. However, for those suffering from heart disease, it is best to keep the dose below 5mg / dl. HDL levels should be above 5mg / dl for men and above 5mg / dl for women. The normal levels of TG are 1mg / dl, 5mg / dl high and 400mg / dl are considered very high. Cholesterol intake leads to increased levels of TC and LDL.
Increasing the levels of HDL in the blood increases the levels of HDL in the bloodstream, smoking, eliminating vegetables, and consuming omega-3 fats (fish fat, especially hilsa fish and other marine fish fat), which play a key role in preventing heart disease.